Last time, I gave you a little science lesson about DNA, genetics, and mitochondria, and I made the point that Jesus had to get the mitochondria from his mother, Mary. That’s where we all get our mitochondria, because our fathers’ fell off with the sperm tail after the head penetrated the egg wall.
This week, I want to talk a little more about another type of DNA, the alleles. The alleles are what transmit the genetically coded personal characteristic information (i.e., skin color, eye color, etc.). We inherit alleles from both our mother and our father. But let’s consider, for a moment, who Yeshua’s Father was… none other than Yahweh Himself.
God, the Father, is Spirit (John 4:24). There is no flesh and blood to be passed down from Him. Many people assume that Yeshua, being God’s Son, had divine blood in Him…but there’s no such thing. And most people believe that Yeshua had to shed divine blood in order for His sacrifice on the cross to be worth anything at all, but I don’t necessarily think that’s the case. Yeshua was a human, just like the rest of us are (See Hebrews 2:14-18)…but He was also fully God, just not in terms of His flesh and blood. He inherited God’s Spirit and His nature, and He walked in perfect obedience in everything God commanded Him to do. His obedience, not His blood, made Him the perfect sacrifice.
Let’s take a look, for a moment, at what must have happened in Yeshua’s conception, since we know He was born a human just like all of us are. God had to implant a Y chromosome inside Mary’s ovum in order for Yeshua to be male. It wasn’t the female genetic characteristics God created out of thin air… it was the male. Remember, Romans 5:12 (NIV) says, “sin entered the world through one man.” How did it enter the entire world through that one man (Adam)? The same way Eve’s mitochondria got passed down through the generations… by heredity.
You don’t have to look far to see the harmful effects of sin (See Romans 6:23). Death, sickness, dying, decay…they’re all part of the curse. So, it’s not hard to believe that Adam’s genetic structure would somehow be affected by the curse of sin. It is very possible that we inherit very real genetic defects from our fathers because of Adam. Consider, for example, that the Y chromosome is 1/3 the size of the female X chromosome. It doesn’t even have size dominance in the human genetic structure.
Remember what God told Adam in Genesis 2:17? “But from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it, you will surely die” (NASB). This was before Eve had even been created. God was giving this command to Adam… and He was telling him the consequences of his disobedience – what would happen to him. When Adam sinned, his physical body underwent a mutation in the male mitochondria. The mitochondria that had been, in theory, located in the head of the sperm, where they could be passed down to the next generation, were moved to the tail, where they would break off once the sperm and egg met. This made it impossible for Adam to pass on his life-giving genes. Remember, in Genesis 3:15, God tells the serpent, “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed…” (NASB). Her seed (unit of reproduction capable of developing into another such creation), not his seed, because God knew that Adam’s “seed” had already died.
But when God implanted that Y chromosome inside Mary’s ovum, He bypassed the genetic flaws that every other human on earth inherits. He created, in His only begotten Son, Yeshua, the female mitochondria needed to keep His human body alive and the untainted male alleles and the life-giving spiritual seed of His Father necessary for shaping His relationship with His Heavenly Father. Without the Adamic genetic defect in His body, Yeshua was both perfectly like His human mother, Mary, and His Heavenly Father, God. In this way, he was much more sensitive to the leading of the Holy Spirit than anyone ever was before or ever has been since.
God knew what He was doing when He sent Yeshua to live with Joseph and Mary. They were godly people, committed to raising Yeshua in a God-honoring way. Under their earthly care, He learned obedience, and He grew in wisdom and favor with both God and man. Plus, His spiritual strength (inherited directly from His Father) increased throughout His lifetime. This prepared Him to become (at the appointed time) the perfect human sacrifice for sin, and then to be raised from the dead as the Glorious Redeemer of Mankind and the only True Mediator between God and man. Hallelujah!
Next week, we’ll look more at the spiritual makeup Yeshua inherited from His Father. 🙂