How to Write a Good Conclusion (Guest Post)

The conclusion is a very important element of student essays, and this is where many undergraduate and postgraduate students seek academic help. Regardless of the type of essay or paper you have to submit, your conclusion demonstrates your ability to wrap up the subject in an interesting and yet informative way and your ability to summarise your main points. A good conclusion is concise and focused, and it may pose questions for the future of the topic under discussion. It also leaves the audience with the feeling that all questions within your essay have been answered. This article will discuss several simple strategies on how to write concise and yet informative conclusions.

Answer your questions

At the end of a long paper, you often feel that you are running out of words. Therefore, the conclusion looks like that extra mile you are unwilling, or too tired, to walk. It is, however, very important to be able to wrap up your thoughts in a concise fashion. Your reader should be left with the impression that all the questions in this essay were answered in a clear and persuasive way.

One common way to begin your conclusion is to use phrases such as “The purpose of this essay was…” or “This essay has attempted to…”. After this, go back to your main arguments and restate your conclusions. Do not go into too much detail. Focus only on the main findings you have made throughout your research.

Remember: Do not introduce new concepts and new ideas into the conclusion. Answer the questions and stick to them. New ideas will most likely result in a loss of focus.

If you were doing primary research, in a sentence or two you can remind the reader what methods you used and how you conducted your survey (number of participants, research strategy, etc). This is extremely useful for dissertations or longer research projects. In the conclusion, you can also mention whether the main research aims and objectives were met according to your initial expectations or whether you have discovered something which deviates from what you expected from your project.

Pose an open question

After you have answered your questions and you have summarised your key findings, you might want to pose a question. It should be an open question related to your topic – something which will leave the reader challenged and involved.

Your student essay will sound more convincing if you ask a question which you were not able to cover in your paper. You might want to suggest topics for further research, or even mention the aspects of your research which were not discussed in your essay. Posing an interesting question is a very good way to conclude an essay, and it is very likely to leave your readers with some food for thought. If your introduction has the general-to-specific format, then write a conclusion which starts with the specifics of your paper and draws on a more global aspect of the topic you have researched.

Make recommendations for the future

Another strategy for writing a good conclusion is making recommendations for the future. For example, if you are researching the topic for the treatment of Somali refugees in Kenya and Ethiopia, you can recommend further measures which the international community should take to improve their situation.If you are researching the impact of the Islamic Revolution on the political and economic development of Iran, you can recommend some steps which the government and officials might take to facilitate Iran’s integration in the Middle East.

The good news about making recommendations is that they can be broader than the topic researched, and your observations can be taken to a different level. Recommendations for the future are always a clever way to show that the subject has not been exhausted in your student essay, and they also demonstrate your ability to think outside the limits of the research question you have been discussing.


About the Author

Julian Weber is a research expert in Sociology and International Relations. His experience in the field of education and academic writing stretches over a period of ten years. If you need further help with academic essay writing service, visit


Finished with your paper/book, and want an extra set of eyes to look over it? Sign up for my email newsletter and get a 25% discount off any editing service. 

One comment

  1. This is very interesting, You are an excessively skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and stay up for searching for extra of your wonderful post.

    Additionally, I’ve shared your site in my social networks

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.